Category: formats

An Introduction to Born Digital Collections at the Manuscript Division, or How to Cross the Equator

The following guest post by Josh Levy, Historian of Science and Technology in the Library’s Manuscript Division, is part two of a series. You can find Part 1 of the series, “Doing History with Born Digital Files: the Rhoda Métraux and Edward Lorenz Papers,” posted on The Signal. Archives can’t just collect physical objects anymore. […]

Fun with File Formats

Today’s guest post is from Kate Murray, Marcus Nappier, and Liz Holdzkom of the Digital Collections Management & Services Division at the Library of Congress. Are you a file format fan? If you’re curious how to pronounce the still image format HEIF (spoiler alert: it rhymes with “beef”) or the difference between PDF/A-3 and PDF/A-4, […]

FADGI’s embARC: Extending embedded metadata support and validation for DPX and MXF files

Today’s guest post is from Kate Murray, Digital Projects Coordinator in Digital Collections Management and Services at the Library of Congress and Bertram Lyons, Partner and Managing Director for Software at AVP. Note: This is the last in a series of updates from the Federal Agencies Digital Guidelines Initiative (FADGI) Audio-Visual working group. See That’s […]

Reading the (Same) Signals: Using FADGI’s ADCTest for Quality Control in Outsourced Audio Digitization

This is the second in a series of updates from the Federal Agencies Digital Guidelines Initiative (FADGI) Audio-Visual working group. See That’s Our Cue! Updates for the FADGI Embedded Metadata Guidelines and BWF MetaEdit for the Cue Chunk in Broadcast Wave Files for the first installment. This post is co-authored by Kate Murray, Digital Projects […]

That’s Our Cue! Updates for the FADGI Embedded Metadata Guidelines and BWF MetaEdit for the Cue Chunk in Broadcast Wave Files

This is guest post, the first in a series of updates about the recent work of the Federal Agencies Digital Guidelines Initiative (FADGI) Audio-Visual working group, is co-authored by Kate Murray, Digital Projects Coordinator in Digital Collections Management and Services, audiovisual archivist and technologist Dave Rice, and Jérôme Martinez, Founder and President of MediaArea.net. The […]

An Archivist’s Perspective on Legacy Files

In this post, 2020 Staff Innovator Chad Conrady discusses his area of expertise, emulation, which imitates older operating systems in order to open outdated or legacy files that are no longer operable with contemporary operating systems or software.

 

Analyzing the Born-Digital Archive

Kathleen O’Neill is a 2020 Staff Innovator with LC Labs and a Senior Archivist in the Manuscript Division at the Library of Congress. In this post, she discusses her analysis of the various file formats in the Manuscript Division’s born-digital holdings.

How to Write a FDD in 149 Easy Steps: Learning to Evaluate Digital File Formats

Today’s guest post is from Marcus Nappier, who is a Digital Collections Specialist in the Digital Content Management Section at the Library of Congress. The Library of Congress maintains over 470 format description documents (FDDs) on the Sustainability of Digital Formats website that provide information about file-formats, bit stream structures and encodings, and their usage in […]